The How Interfaces Cisco command

Cisco Command: show interfaces


The 'show interfaces' command is a powerful diagnostic tool used to display detailed information about the physical and logical interfaces of a Cisco networking device. By utilizing this command, network administrators can gain valuable insights into the status, configuration, and performance of various interfaces on their network devices, aiding in troubleshooting and optimization tasks.


show interfaces [interface-type] [interface-number]



To utilize the 'show interfaces' command, enter it in the command-line interface (CLI) of the Cisco device you want to monitor. You can either specify the interface type and number to gather information about a specific interface or omit these parameters to view data for all interfaces on the device.


The command output provides a wealth of information, including:

Additionally, the output may vary depending on the specific Cisco device model and the interface type being examined.


The 'show interfaces' command is supported on a wide range of Cisco networking devices, including routers, switches, firewalls, and integrated services routers (ISRs). It is a versatile command commonly used on Cisco devices running IOS (Internetwork Operating System) and IOS-XE operating systems.

Troubleshooting and Monitoring:

The 'show interfaces' command is an invaluable tool for troubleshooting network connectivity issues. By analyzing the output, network engineers can identify interface-related problems such as incorrect configurations, cable faults, high error rates, or excessive traffic load. The command also aids in monitoring interface performance metrics over time, helping to identify potential bottlenecks or degradation in network performance.

By leveraging the 'show interfaces' command, network administrators can effectively maintain and optimize their Cisco networks, ensuring reliable connectivity and optimal performance for their users and applications.

how interfaces Usage Examples

Certainly! Here are some examples for the Cisco command 'show interfaces':

  1. Display Information for All Interfaces: To display information about all interfaces on a Cisco device, use the following command:
    show interfaces
    Example output:
Interface             Admin Link  Status        Protocol
FastEthernet0/0      Enabled UP          UP          1000baseLX
FastEthernet0/1      Disabled DOWN        DOWN
Serial0/0/0           Enabled UP          UP          HDLC
Serial0/0/1           Enabled DOWN        DOWN
  1. Display Specific Interface Details: To display detailed information about a specific interface, use the following command:
    show interfaces <interface-name>
    Replace <interface-name> with the name of the interface you want to examine. Example output for interface FastEthernet0/0:
FastEthernet0/0 is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is Fast Ethernet, address is 00:60:b7:ce:9e:70
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit/sec, DLY 10 usec
Load 1/255, Rx errors 0, Tx errors 0, Rate 0 bps
RX packets 332, bytes 23524
TX packets 168, bytes 12918
  1. Display Interface Status and Counters: To display the status and counters for all interfaces, use the following command:
    show interfaces status
    Example output:
Interface             Status       Protocol  Link
FastEthernet0/0      connected   1000baseLX  up
FastEthernet0/1      administratively down  down
Serial0/0/0           connected   HDLC        up
Serial0/0/1           administratively down  down
  1. Display Interface Transceiver Information: To display information about the transceiver on an interface, use the following command:
    show interfaces transceiver <interface-name>
    Example output for interface FastEthernet0/0:
Interface: FastEthernet0/0
Transceiver: GLC-SX-MMD
Revision: A0
Serial number: XXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX
  1. Display Layer 2 Interface Information: To display Layer 2 information for an interface, use the following command:
    show interfaces <interface-name> switchport
    Example output for interface FastEthernet0/0:
Name: FastEthernet0/0
Switchport: Enabled
Administrative Mode: trunk
Administrative Trunk Encapsulation: dot1q
Operational Mode: trunk
Operational Trunk Encapsulation: dot1q
Negotiation of Trunking: On
Access Mode: dynamic desirable
Trunk Native VLAN: 1
Pruning VLANs Allowed: 2-1001
Number of Trunk VLANs: 6
Duplex: auto
Speed: auto

Remember to replace <interface-name> with the actual interface name in each command.